Only 2.6% of the employed and 4.4% of the unemployed have changed their place of residence in the last year, according to the ‘Labor and Geographic Mobility Statistics 2023’ published by the National Statistics Institute (INE) . In absolute terms, only 531,100 of the 20,452,800 employed persons counted in the first quarter of 2023 have been residing in the current municipality for less than a year. In turn, there are 16,822,300 employed people (82.2% of the total) who have been in the same municipality for five or more years and almost one in three employed persons (28.8%) has not changed their municipality of residence since your birth.
Of those who have done so, 40.6% have changed municipalities within the same province, 4.4% came from another province of the same autonomous community; 13.7%, from another community; and 12.5%, from another country.
Regarding mobility by age, INE data reflect that it is higher among younger employed people. Thus, in the last year, 247,900 employed people between 16 and 34 years old (5% of the total) have changed municipalities, while among those over 55 years of age only 29,800 employed people (0.7% of the total) have changed their municipality. municipality of residence in the last year.
As for the unemployed, only 138,600 of the 3,127,800 people who were unemployed in the first quarter of 2023 have changed their municipality of residence in the last year. 29.2% of the unemployed have not had any change in their municipality of residence since they were born.
The INE data disaggregated by autonomous communities show that those with the greatest geographical mobility of those employed during the last year are the Canary Islands (3.5%), the Valencian Community (3.3%) and the Balearic Islands and Madrid, both with a 3. 1%. For their part, those with the least mobility are Extremadura (1.2%), Asturias (1.5%) and Aragón (1.6%).
Regarding the unemployed, the communities with the least geographical mobility, measured in terms of the highest percentage of unemployed residents in each of them who have not changed their municipality of residence for at least the last five years, are Andalusia (86.5%) , Extremadura (86.3%) and Cantabria (81.4%). At the other extreme, leading the regions where the unemployed have greater mobility, are Navarra (64.6%), the Basque Country (70.1%) and Catalonia (70.3%).