Parliament has asked the Commission for a proposal for a “European Statute of Artists” that would set out a framework for working conditions and common minimum standards in all EU countries.
Member States must also guarantee that the self-employed and freelancers in the cultural sector have access to collective bargaining, MEPs say in a resolution approved with 543 votes in favor, 50 against and 107 abstentions.
The Chamber highlights the regulatory differences between Member States on the legal status of artists, which make collaborations between countries difficult. Governments should advance the recognition and portability of cultural and creative skills, qualifications and qualifications to facilitate the mobility of workers in cultural and creative sectors and industries. With the same objective, the text proposes reviewing administrative requirements, particularly regarding visas, taxation and social security.
MEPs suggest the launch of specific programs aimed at the mobility of young creators and innovators to promote exchanges and innovation in this field.
Income from copyrights and streaming platforms
MEPs warn about the practice of dominant streaming platforms of imposing copyright purchase clauses that deprives them of income every time their work is reproduced (as they receive a fixed initial amount in return). To remedy this, they call on the Commission to take measures to ensure that revenue is properly and equitably redistributed between all creators, artists and rights holders.
The resolution also calls on Member States to promote and defend artistic freedom to ensure that European citizens freely enjoy artistic creations and calls on the Commission to sanction countries that do not meet their obligations.
Fall due to the pandemic
In 2020, the cultural and creative sector in the EU suffered a drop in revenue of around 30%, with accumulated losses of €199 billion, with the music and performing arts sectors recording declines of 75% and 90%. respectively.
In Spain, according to the study Impact of covid-19 on cultural employment of the Ministry of Culture and Sports with data from the INE Active Population Survey, the annual employment linked to the cultural sector in the last year (until the second quarter of 2021) was 665,400 people, which represents a decrease of 0.4% compared to the average for 2020 and 6.3% compared to 2019. An example of the situation of culture is also evidenced by the fact that in 2020 the Visits to museums in Spain fell by 64% compared to the previous year, according to data collected by the General Subdirectorate of State Museums.